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The Philosophy of Mulla Sadra Shirazi
The Philosophy of Mulla Sadra Shirazi
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Fazlur Rahman - Author
N/A
Hardcover - 277 pages
Release Date: June 1976
ISBN10: 0-87395-300-2
ISBN13: 978-0-87395-300-9

Out of Print
Price: $33.95 
Paperback - 277 pages
Release Date: June 1976
ISBN10: 0-7914-5852-0
ISBN13: 978-0-7914-5852-5

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Summary

Explores the philosophy of Mulla Sadra Shirazi.

Mulla Sadra Shirazi emerges as an original philosopher who had a sure understanding of his Greek and Islamic predecessors. He is worthy of study by scholars concerned with the development of Islamic philosophy because of his attempt to reconcile various currents of Islamic philosophical thought, particularly the peripatetic tradition of Ibn Arabi. Modern existentialists will be interested in his basic concern with the reality of existence and the unreality of essences or general notions.



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Table of Contents

Introduction

A. Mulla Sadra and the Character of His Philosophy
B. Sadra's Sources and His Originality

1. General
2. Sadra's predecessors
3. Evaluation

C. Sadra's Works and His Influence

PART I. ONTOLOGY

I. The Metaphysics of Existence

A. Existence
B. Controversy with the "Essentialists"
C. Systematic Ambiguity (Tashkik) of Existence
D. Tension between Monism and Plualism

II. Essence

III. Cause I: Nature of Causation

A. Cause-Effect Relationship
B. Impossibility of Causal Regress

IV. Cause II: God-World Relationship

A. Efficient Cause and Final Cause
B. God-World Relationship

V. Movement, Time, and World-Order

A. Movement
B. Time
C. World-Order

PART II. THEOLOGY

I. God's Nature

A. Proof of God's Existence
B. God as pure existence
C. God's Unity

II. God's Attributes - I

A. God's Being and Attributes
B. Knowledge

III. God's Attributes - II

A. Power and Will

1. A survey of Alternative Views
2. Sadra's Criticism of These Views and His Position
3. Relationship of God's Will to man
4. Docrines of Bada (change of Mind in God), Naskh (Abrogation of Laws) and Taraddud (reluctant decision)

B. Divine Speech and Revelation

PART III. PSYCHOLOGY: MAN AND HIS DESTINY

I. Nature of the Soul

II. Theory of Knowledge - I

A. General Considerations
B. The Prblem of "Mental Existence (al-wujud al-dhihni)"

III. Theory of Knowledge - II: Perception and Imagination

A. External Sense
B. Internal Sense: Imagination and Wahm

IV. Theory of Knowledge - III: The Intellect

A. Introduction
B. The Problem of Abstraction
C. Ibn Sina on the "Simple Intellect"
D. Identity of the Intellect and the Intelligible

V. Eschatology

A. Impossibility of Transmigration
B. Proofs of an Afterlife
C. The Nature of Afterlife

Epilogue

Subject Index

Index of Proper Names



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