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Seminal essays on environmental philosophy from Indian, Chinese, and Japanese traditions of thought.
Environmental Philosophy in Asian Traditionsof Thought provides a welcome sequel to the foundational volume in Asian environmental ethics Nature in Asian Traditions of Thought. That volume, edited by J. Baird Callicott and Roger T. Ames and published in 1989, inaugurated comparative environmental ethics, adding Asian thought on the natural world to the developing field of environmental philosophy. This new book, edited by Callicott and James McRae, includes some of the best articles in environmental philosophy from the perspective of Asian thought written more recently, some of which appear in print for the first time.
Leading scholars draw from the Indian, Chinese, and Japanese traditions of thought to provide a normative ethical framework that can address the environmental challenges being faced in the twenty-first century. Hindu, Buddhist, Confucian, and Daoist approaches are considered along with those of Zen, Japanese Confucianism, and the contemporary philosophy of the Kyoto School. An investigation of environmental philosophy in these Asian traditions not only challenges Western assumptions, but also provides an understanding of Asian philosophy, religion, and culture that informs contemporary environmental law and policy.
J. Baird Callicott is University Distinguished Research Professor of Philosophy at the University of North Texas and author and editor of many books, including Beyond the Land Ethic: More Essays in Environmental Philosophy, also published by SUNY Press. James McRae is Associate Professor of Philosophy and Religion at Westminster College in Missouri. He is the coeditor (with Robert Arp and Adam Barkman) of The Philosophy of Ang Lee.
Table of Contents
Section I: Environmental Philosophy in Indian Traditions of Thought
1. Environment and Environmental Philosophy in India George Alfred James
2. Ātman, Identity, and Emanation: Arguments for a Hindu Environmental Ethic Christopher Framarin
3. Gandhi’s Contributions to Environmental Thought and Action Bart Gruzalski
4. Acting with Compassion: Buddhism, Feminism, and the Environmental Crisis Stephanie Kaza
5. Against Holism: Rethinking Buddhist Environmental Ethics Simon P. James
6. Causation and ‘Telos’: The Problem of Buddhist Environmental Ethics Ian Harris
Section II: Environmental Philosophy in Chinese Traditions of Thought
7. The Relevance of Chinese Neo-Confucianism for the Reverence of Nature Mary Evelyn Tucker
8. Beyond Naturalism: A Reconstruction of Daoist Environmental Ethics R. P. Peerenboom
9. Conceptual Foundations for Environmental Ethics: A Daoist Perspective Karyn L. Lai
10. Process Ecology and the ‘Ideal’ Dao Alan Fox
11. The Viability (Dao) and Virtuosity (De) of Daoist Ecology: Reversion (Fu) as Renewal
Sandra A. Wawrytko
12. Ecology, Aesthetics, and Daoist Body Cultivation James Miller
Section III: Environmental Philosophy in Japanese Traditions of Thought
13. The Japanese Concept of Nature in Relation to Environmental Ethics and Conservation Aesthetics of Aldo Leopold Steve Odin
14. Dōgen, Deep Ecology, and the Ecological Self Deane Curtin
15. Conservation Ethics and the Japanese Intellectual Tradition David Edward Shaner and R. Shannon Duval
16. From Symbiosis (Kyōsei) to the Ontology of ‘Arising Both from Oneself and from Another’ (Gūshō) Hiroshi Abe
17. The Confucian Environmental Ethics of Ogyū Sorai: A Three-Level, Eco-humanistic Interpretation Tomosaburō Yamauchi
18. Triple-Negation: Watsuji Tetsurō on the Sustainability of Ecosystems, Economies, and International Peace James McRae
Afterword: Recontextualizing the Self in Comparative Environmental Philosophy J. Baird Callicott