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A detailed, clear, and comprehensive overview of the current philosophical debate on torture.
The question of when, and under what circumstances, the practice of torture might be justified has received a great deal of attention in the last decade in both academia and in the popular media. Many of these discussions are, however, one-sided with other perspectives either ignored or quickly dismissed with minimal argument. In On the Ethics of Torture, Uwe Steinhoff provides a complete account of the philosophical debate surrounding this highly contentious subject. Steinhoff’s position is that torture is sometimes, under certain narrowly circumscribed conditions, justified, basing his argument on the right to self-defense. His position differs from that of other authors who, using other philosophical justifications, would permit torture under a wider set of conditions. After having given the reader a thorough account of the main arguments for permitting torture under certain circumstances, Steinhoff explains and addresses the many objections that have been raised to employing torture under any circumstances. This is an indispensible work for anyone interested in one of the most controversial subjects of our times.
“…an important book … This is not the first book to make a right-based defense of torture, but it makes the case powerfully and rebuts in detail the major anti-torture authors.” — Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews
“Replete with well-crafted thought experiments designed to make his points, and taking his opponents’ arguments seriously in addressing their objections to his view, Steinhoff’s On the Ethics of Torture is a study in how applied ethics should be done … Highly recommended.” — CHOICE
“On the Ethics of Torture is superb. It is by far the best treatment of the topic.” — Allen Buchanan, author of Justice, Legitimacy, and Self-Determination: Moral Foundations for International Law
“This is a controversial work and while I don’t agree with its main positive conclusion, there is no denying that Steinhoff demolishes many of the influential arguments of those who believe that torture can never be justified. For this reason alone, the book warrants attention.” — Seumas Miller, author of Terrorism and Counter-Terrorism: Ethics and Liberal Democracy
“On the Ethics of Torture is the single best discussion of the moral status of torture. It is outstanding. Steinhoff’s book is powerfully argued, organized, concise, and highly readable. This is essential reading for anyone who wishes to think seriously about the topic.” — Stephen Kershnar, author of For Torture: A Rights-Based Defense
Uwe Steinhoff is Associate Professor in the Department of Politics and Public Administration at the University of Hong Kong and Senior Research Associate in the University of Oxford Programme on the Changing Character of War. He is the author of several books, including On the Ethics of War and Terrorism.
Table of Contents
1. What Is Torture?
2. The Moral Justification of Torture
The Argument from Self-defense
What Is Self-defense?
Proportionality, or: Many Forms of Torture
Are Not as Bad as Killing
The Argument from the Culpability for Creating a Forced-Choice Situation
The Argument from Necessity
Reminder: The Justification of Torture Is Compatible with Rights Absolutism
The Utilitarian Argument
3. Defusing the Ticking-Social-Bomb Argument: Against Consequentialist Attempts to Undermine the Right to Self-defensive Torture
4. Against the Institutionalization of Torture
5. Legalizing Torture?
Attempts to Quickly Dismiss the Argument from Self-defense and Other Rights-based Arguments
The Defenselessness Argument
But Is It Really Self-defense? Whitley Kaufman and Daniel Hill
David Sussman’s Complicity Argument
Kant’s Categorical Imperative: The Three Kantian Formulas
“Breaking the Will” (and “Dignity,” “Subject Status,” and “Self-legislative Rulership”)
Torture and the Doctrine of Double Effect
Is the Ticking-Bomb Example Unrealistic?
“Torture Knows No Limits”
7. Is Justifying Torture Bad Even If Torture Is Sometimes Justified?