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Comparative study of Islam and the rule of law in Egypt and Iran.
In recent years, Egypt and Iran have been beset with demands for fundamental change. The Rule of Law, Islam, and Constitutional Politics in Egypt and Iran draws together leading regional experts to provide a penetrating comparative analysis of the ways Islam is entangled with the process of democratization in authoritarian regimes. By comparing Islam and the rule of law in these two nations, one Sunni and Arab-speaking, the other Shi'ite and Persian-speaking, this volume enriches the current debate on Islam and democracy, making for a more nuanced understanding and appreciation of differences with the Muslim world, and provides an indispensible background for understanding the Green movement in Iran since 2009 and the Egyptian revolution of 2011.
“Arjomand and Brown are widely recognized as the leading scholars in their respective fields. Their book offers readers a sustained inquiry and tremendous insight into the constitutional challenges in two of the largest and most influential countries in the Middle East.” — Hanna Lerner, author of Making Constitutions in Deeply Divided Societies
Saïd Amir Arjomand is Distinguished Service Professor of Sociology and Director of the Stony Brook Institute for Global Studies at Stony Brook University, State University of New York. He is the author and editor of several books, including After Khomeini: Iran Under His Successors. Nathan J. Brown is Professor of Political Science and International Affairs at George Washington University. He is the author and editor of several books, including Constitutions in a Nonconstitutional World: Arab Basic Laws and the Prospects for Accountable Government, also published by SUNY Press.
Table of Contents
Introduction Saïd Amir Arjomand and Nathan J. Brown
1. Shi‘ite Jurists and the Iranian Law and Constitutional Order in the Twentieth Century Saïd Amir Arjomand
2. The Special Courts of the Clergy (Dadgah-e Vizheh-ye Ruhaniyyat) and the Repression of Dissident Clergy in Iran Mirjam Künkler
3. The Principle of Legality in the Iranian Constitutional and Criminal Silvia Tellenbach
4. Constitutionalism and Parliamentary Struggle for Relevance and Independence in Post-Khomeini Iran Farideh Farhi
5. The Politics of Property in the Islamic Republic of Iran Kaveh Ehsani
6. Legal Reforms in Egypt: the Rule of Law and Consolidation of State Authoritarianism Nathalie Bernard-Maugiron
Appendix: Selections from the 2007 Amendments to the 1971 Constitution
translated by Dina Bishara
7. Rule of Law, Ideology and Human Rights in Egyptian Courts Mustapha Kamel Al-Sayyid
8. Islam in Egypt’s Cacophonous Constitutional Order Nathan J. Brown
9. Surviving under Rule by Law: Explaining Ideological Change in Egypt’s Muslim Brotherhood Bruce K. Rutherford
10. Egypt’s ‘Ulama in the State, in Politics and in the Islamist Vision Jakob Skovgaard-Peteren
11. Egypt’s Constitutional Revolution? Nathan J. Brown