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Papers of the fortieth Algonquian Conference held at the University of Minnesota–Twin Cities in October 2008.
For nearly half a century, the papers of the Algonquian Conference have served as the primary source of peer-reviewed scholarship addressing topics related to the languages and societies of Algonquian peoples. Contributions, which are peer-reviewed submissions presented at the annual conference, represent an assortment of humanities and social science disciplines, including archeology, cultural anthropology, history, ethnohistory, linguistics, literary studies, Native studies, social work, film, and countless others. Both theoretical and descriptive approaches are welcomed, and submissions often provide previously unpublished data from historical and contemporary sources, or novel theoretical insights based on firsthand research. The research is commonly interdisciplinary in scope and the papers are filled with contributions presenting fresh research from a broad array of researchers and writers. These papers are essential reading for those interested in Algonquian world views, cultures, history, and languages. They build bridges among a large international group of people who write in different disciplines. Scholars in linguistics, anthropology, history, education, and other fields are brought together in one vital community, thanks to these publications.
Karl S. Hele is Associate Professor of First Nations Studies at Concordia University in Montreal. He is the editor of Lines Drawn upon the Water: First Nations and the Great Lakes Borders and Borderlands.J. Randolph Valentine is Professor of Linguistics and American Indian Studies at the University of Wisconsin–Madison. He is the author of Nishnaabemwin Reference Grammar.
Table of Contents
“Language Keepers”: The Role of Facilitator in Documenting Passamaquoddy-Maliseet Group Discourse Margaret Apt and Julia Schulz
A Look at ASSM Manuscript #34 George F. Aubin
White Dogs, Black Bears, and Ghost Gamblers: Two Late Woodland Midewiwin Aspects from Ontario James B. Bandow
Why Did the Catholic Cult of Saints Not Function among the Algonquians? Marie-Pierre Bousquet
As for Me and My House: Zhaawanaash and Methodism at Berens River, 1874–1883 Jennifer S. H. Brown
The Status of Blackfoot /s/ Analyzed in Optimality Theory Ryan Denzer-King
Transforming Racism and the Construction of Zhaaganash-Whiteness in Critical Race Theory and Indigenous Knowledge Kevin FitzMaurice
Cree Syllabic Fonts: Development, Compatibility, and Usage in the Digital World Bill Jancewicz and Marie-Odile Junker
Determinants of Split Intransitivity in Blackfoot: Evidence from Verbs of Emission Sara Johansson and Elizabeth Ritter
“I heart this camp”: Participant Perspectives within the Story of Miami Youth Camps Wesley Y. Leonard and Scott M. Shoemaker
Language Keepers: A Documentary Film Process for Stimulating Passamaquoddy-Maliseet Language Documentation and Revival Ben Levine and Robert M. Leavitt
Tapastanum: “A Noted Conjurer for Many Years, Who Long Resisted the Teachings of Christianity” Anne Lindsay
Gookooko’oog: Owls and Their Role in Anishinaabe Culture Wendy Makoons Geniusz
Héritage des Traits Morphologiques φ et δ en Ojibwe Bethany Lochbihler and Éric Mathieu
The 1859 New Year’s Day Fight: Race, Place, Marriage, Gender, and Status in Western James Bay John S. Long
Reflections on the Annual Manitoba Indian Métis Conferences of the Early 1960s Toby Morantz
Does the Integration of Algonquian Rituals in Catholic Churches Imply a Move Toward Decolonization? Anny Morissette
Weweni Nd’nisidotami Ezhi-Anishinaabebiigeyaang– Carefully We Understand How We Write Anishinaabemowin Margaret Noori
Algonquian Trade Languages Revisited Richard A. Rhodes
Reviving Manhood: Algonquian Masculinity and Christianity Following the First Great Awakening in Southern New England Alanna Rice
Cree Pentecostalism and Its Others Clinton N. Westman