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The definitive account of a Lake Champlain legend. “The lake surface was glass. My girlfriend and I were fishing from our anchored rowboat in about fifteen feet of water, facing the New York shore. ‘Ron, what’s that?’ I turned. About thirty feet away I saw three dark humps … protruding about two feet above the surface. The humps were perhaps two or three feet apart. They didn’t move. We didn’t either. We watched in disbelief for about ten seconds. The humps slowly sank into the water. There was no wake, no telltale sign of movement. Unexplained. Eerie. Unsettling.” — from the Foreword by Ronald S. Kermani Scotland may have Nessie, the Loch Ness Monster, but we have Champ, the legendary serpent-like monster of Lake Champlain. The first recorded sighting of Champ, in 1609, has been attributed to the lake’s namesake, French explorer and cartographer Samuel de Champlain. This is pure myth, but there have been hundreds of sightings since then. Robert E. Bartholomew embarks on his own search, both of the lake firsthand and through period sources and archives—many never before published. Although he finds the trail obscured by sloppy journalism, local leaders motivated by tourism income, and bickering monster hunters, he weighs the evidence to craft a rich, colorful history of Champ. From the nineteenth century, when Champ was a household name, to 1977, when he appeared in Sandra Mansi’s controversial photograph, Bartholomew covers it all. Real or imaginary, Champ and his story will fascinate believers and skeptics alike. “This is a first-class exercise in unraveling the ontology at the heart of much forteana and, with Bartholomew’s clarity, focus and critical apparatus, deserves to be studied by all forteans and cryptozoologists.” — Fortean Times “If you’ve ever wondered whether Lake Champlain’s legendary serpent-like monster is fact or fiction, you’ll want to read the most recent book from New Zealand-based author Robert E. Bartholomew.” — UAlbany Magazine “…Robert Bartholomew takes on the task of reviewing the evidence that proves Champ exists. With a keen skeptical eye, Bartholomew not only reviews, but tells the social history behind these encounters … The book is filled with interesting facts and the pace is intriguing … [it] is wonderfully noted, with creditable sources.” — Sacramento Book Review “…The Untold Story of Champ is a thorough, witty account of the sea serpent alleged to live in Lake Champlain.” — Schenectady Daily Gazette “Bartholomew pieces together the story of this legend for the first time … with incredibly thorough research and a healthy lack of bias … [He] digs deep and … ends up examining what our belief in lake monsters says about us.” — Publishers Weekly “The Untold Story of Champ … explores 400 years of sightings and attempts to do something no book written on the creature has done: provide a history of the iconic ‘monster’ and examine the role humans have played in perpetuating the myth of ‘Champ.”’ — Whitehall Times “Bartholomew approaches his subject with the skepticism of an investigative reporter. He debunks and exposes hoaxes as much as he chronicles evidence of the elusive serpentine creature described as having a long, humped back and a horse-like head … [a] lively and readable account … Bartholomew goes straight to the heart of the controversy.” — Albany Times Union “The Untold Story of Champ is a comprehensive history of a cultural fixture in the northeast. Robert Bartholomew explores the background and development of a media favorite and a scientific controversy. Both believers and skeptics can profit from the solid research and fluid storytelling in The Untold Story of Champ.” — Stephen R. Whalen, Castleton State College “I really loved the book, and got some valuable lecture material out of it for my Vermont history course. Just fascinating.” — Paul Searls, Lyndon State College “Bartholomew’s study provides a meticulously researched overview of the historical context behind popular fascination with the Lake Champlain monster. The book effectively traces the vicissitudes of the creature’s fame, rising and falling in accordance with external factors often unrelated to the ongoing string of perennial sightings. Bartholomew makes the subject come alive by carefully documenting the bitter rivalries between competing Champ researchers and by filling in the background stories for numerous Champ witnesses and enthusiasts. He shows that the creature is not simply a media sideshow, but a concept that has touched real people’s lives very deeply.” — Peter J. Dendle, coeditor of The Ashgate Research Companion to Monsters and the Monstrous “The book provides a thorough exploration of the Champ tales told through the ages. Dr. Bartholomew assiduously weaves his way through the stories, myths, and legends that surround Champ.” — Mike Winslow, author of Lake Champlain: A Natural History Also by Robert E. Bartholomew Hoaxes, Myths, and Manias: Why We Need Critical Thinking(with Benjamin Radford) “…a good entertaining introduction to critical thinking for the general reader and for undergraduates.” — Contemporary Psychology “…fast-paced and intriguing … anyone with an interest in the odd or in critical thinking should read.” — Statesman Journal “…you are certain to be amused and amazed in equal parts … an entertaining and enlightening book.” — Psychology Today Outbreak! The Encyclopedia of Extraordinary Social Behavior(with Hilary Evans) “…a work of immense erudition and scholarship but also a thumping good read.” — Simon Wessely, King’s College London “…an absorbing and authoritative read and an extremely valuable reference for anyone interested in the field of psychosomatic medicine.” — Keith Petrie, University of Auckland “…quite possibly the most important contribution to the world of Forteana … in a very long time … The book is indeed scholarly; but it is also highly informative, insightful, illuminating and witty.” — Nick Redfern, author of Keep Out! Top Secret Places Governments Don’t Want You to Know About Little Green Men, Meowing Nuns and Head-Hunting Panics: A Study of Mass Psychogenic Illness and Social Delusion “The book will interest any reader … it is extensively documented and food for thought.” — Australian Journal of Forensic Sciences “…well-documented information to those interested in mass psychosocial phenomena, and as fascinating leisure-time reading to the general public.” — Wolfgang G. Jilek, Professor Emeritus, University of British Columbia. Robert E. Bartholomew is a native New Yorkerwho teaches history at Botany College in Auckland, New Zealand. His many books include The Martians Have Landed! A History of Media-Driven Panics and Hoaxes (with Benjamin Radford) and Outbreak! The Encyclopedia of Extraordinary Social Behavior (with Hilary Evans).
Table of Contents
List of Illustrations Foreword Acknowledgments Introduction
1. From Out of the Blue: The Early Memoir of a Sea Monster
2. The Serpent, Or at Least Its Tale, Resurfaces
3. The Comeback Critter: The Fall and Rebirth of a Legend
4. Awash with Controversy: Shonky Journalism, a Controversial Photo and a Monster Dispute
5. Egos, Obsessions, and the quest for fame: The Monster Hunters