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A survey of current critical perspectives on how North American indigenous peoples are viewed and represented transnationally.
An indispensable resource for readers, students, and scholars of Native literatures in North America, Native Authenticity offers a clear, comprehensive, and systematic look at the diversity of critical approaches to the idea of “Indian-ness.” Some of the foremost transatlantic scholars of Native studies in North America and Europe share their insights on this highly charged aspect of the contemporary theoretical field of Native studies. The issue of “authenticity” or “Indian-ness” generates a controversial debate in studies of indigenous American literatures. The articulation of Native identity through the prism of Euro-American attempts to confine “Indian” groups to essentialized spaces is resisted by some Native writers, while others recognize a need for essentialist categories as a key strategy in the struggle for social justice and a perpetually renewed sense of Native sovereignty. Pressure from neocolonial essentializing practices is in conflict with a politics of cultural sovereignty, which demands a notion of “Indian” essence or “authenticity” as a foundation for community values, heritage, and social justice.
Contributors participate in a scholarly and pedagogical search for an intellectual paradigm for Native literary studies that is apart from, yet cognizant with, powerful colonial legacies. The complex politics of Polynesian authenticity versus Native indigeneity is engaged by Native Hawaiian writers as they negotiate conflicting demands upon personal and tribal identities. Related to this questioning is the authenticity debate in Canadian First Nations writing, where the claim to authenticity rests upon a claim to historical precedence; also related is the highly contentious claim by some Chicano/a writers to an indigenous heritage as a claim to authority and “American” authenticity. Essays in this volume are focused upon the diverse and sophisticated responses of Native writers and scholars, while offering comparative perspectives on Native Hawaiian, Chicano, and Canadian literatures.
“Drawing from papers presented by well-known transatlantic scholars … The collection … takes up the pros and cons of the ‘essentializing practices’ of neo-colonial forces, which some Native writers despise and others believe are necessary to establish a sense of Native sovereignty … They offer new thoughts on casinos, Native identity, and sovereignty.” — CHOICE
Deborah L. Madsen is Professor of American Literature and Culture at the University of Geneva, Switzerland. Her many books include Understanding Gerald Vizenor; American Exceptionalism; and Allegory in America.
Table of Contents
Contemporary Discourses on “Indianness” Deborah L. Madsen
1. Questions about the Question of “Authenticity”:
Notes on Mo’olelo Hawai’i and the Struggle for Pono Paul Lyons
2. Cycles of Selfhood, Cycles of Nationhood: Authenticity,
Identity, Community, Sovereignty David L. Moore
3. “Back when I used to be Indian”: Native American Authenticity and Postcolonial Discourse Lee Schweninger
4. The X-Blood Files: Whose Story? Whose Indian? Malea Powell
5. Modernism, Authenticity, and Indian Identity:
Frank “Toronto” Prewett (1893–1962) Joy Porter
6. Transdifference in the Work of Gerald Vizenor Helmbrecht Breinig
7. Traces of Others in Our Own Other: Monocultural Ideals,
Multicultural Resistance Juan Bruce-Novoa
8. Sacred Community, Sacred Culture: Authenticity and
Modernity in Contemporary Canadian Native Writings Richard J. Lane
Postindian Reflections: Chickens and Piranha, Casinos,
and Sovereignty Gerald Vizenor and A. Robert Lee