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The first full-length biography of America’s youngest, and perhaps most underrated, First Lady.
When she married forty-nine-year-old President Grover Cleveland in a White House ceremony on June 2, 1886, Frances Folsom Cleveland was only twenty-one years old, making her the nation’s youngest First Lady. Despite her age, however, Washington society marveled at how quickly the inexperienced Mrs. Cleveland (known as “Frank” to her family and friends) established herself as a social leader and capable spouse. Her popular Saturday receptions and glittering formal social events, combined with the warm and winning personality she displayed during her first two years in the White House, made her one of America’s most popular First Ladies.
Yet, as Annette Dunlap demonstrates in Frank, there was more to this charming and resolute woman than her social and entertaining skills. Active in New York society during the four years between the two Cleveland administrations, Frances built relationships with many of the nation’s elite that helped return her husband to the White House for a second term. She played a pivotal role in keeping Cleveland’s operation for cancer a secret, and as the country’s economic picture and Cleveland’s political popularity deteriorated, she coped admirably with criticism of herself and her husband, as well as lies about her children’s health.
Even though she shared her husband’s opposition to women’s suffrage, favoring instead an exalted role for women in the home, she struggled with Cleveland’s possessiveness. A strong and opinionated woman in her own right, she developed her own network of associations that promoted kindergartens, mission work, and charitable activities that alleviated conditions for the poor.
The first widowed former First Lady to remarry, Frances found new life as a political activist, taking a strong stand for military preparedness and promoting the need for a just and lasting peace at the end of World War I. She maintained leadership roles in several organizations well into her seventies, including the board of trustees of her alma mater, Wells College. Her lasting contributions to both early and higher education, as well as her work on behalf of the poor, may well make Frances Folsom Cleveland one of America’s most underrated First Ladies.
“The book is short, but sweet, and provides a generous acquaintance with Mrs. Cleveland’s own voice, mostly through her letters.” — CentralJersey.com
“…[Frank] meticulously details Cleveland’s childhood, the 28-year age difference and marriage to President Grover Cleveland and her life after his death.” — The Courier-Tribune
“A lively and compelling portrait of a little-known figure in political history.” — Paul Grondahl, author of Mayor Corning: Albany Icon, Albany Enigma
Annette Dunlap is an independent scholar and journalist. She lives in North Carolina.
Table of Contents
List of Illustrations
Note on Spelling
1. “A little schoolgirl”
2. “A peculiarly happy disposition”
3. “Her manner is charming”
4. “She’ll do!”
5. “The place is full of rumours about
6. “Life is very smooth and even and beautiful”
7. “Mrs. Cleveland knew what she wanted”
8. “The best part is . . . the drive with G.C.”
9. “Mr. Cleveland died at nine this morning”
10. “I am marrying Mrs. Grover Cleveland”
11. “America is simply not used to being
serious about anything”