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Explores how policy actors in the United States and Russia have developed flexible incentive-based instruments for environmental protection.
As environmental problems continue to pose a threat to the well-being of people all over the world, achieving pollution control through innovative methods and at a lower cost becomes very attractive. However, cost-effectiveness and technical rationality are often at odds with political goals and policy traditions. Lada V. Kochtcheeva analyzes the introduction of flexible laws and regulations in both air and water quality policies in the United States and the Russian Federation from the 1960s to the present, highlighting the replacement of command and control systems with flexible instruments such as incentive programs, tradable permits, and pollution charges. With its rich comparative institutional analysis, this book contributes to the debate on institutional dynamism, policy innovation, and new modes of regulation, while simultaneously addressing the processes and attributes of good governance.
“…an important contribution to the study of environmental regulations and instruments. It will be valuable to scholars and broader audiences interested in understanding the role of institutions in environmental policymaking. It sheds new light on the role of flexible instruments in environmental regulation in Russia and the United States.” — Political Science Quarterly
Lada V. Kochtcheeva is Assistant Professor of Political Science at the School of Public and International Affairs North Carolina State University.
Table of Contents
List of Illustrations
1. Environmental Protection through Flexible Regulation
2. On Institutions and Instruments
3. Clear Skies Through Flexible Regulation: U.S. Air Quality Policy
4. How Technology Forcing Limits Flexibility: U.S. Water Quality Policy
5. Pollution Charges and Their Discontents: Russian Air Quality Policy
6. Incentives and Revenue: Russian Water Quality Policy