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Leading scholars explore how different forms of ignorance are produced and sustained, and the role they play in knowledge practices.
Offering a wide variety of philosophical approaches to the neglected philosophical problem of ignorance, this groundbreaking collection builds on Charles Mills’s claim that racism involves an inverted epistemology, an epistemology of ignorance. Contributors explore how different forms of ignorance linked to race are produced and sustained and what role they play in promoting racism and white privilege. They argue that the ignorance that underpins racism is not a simple gap in knowledge, the accidental result of an epistemological oversight. In the case of racial oppression, ignorance often is actively produced for purposes of domination and exploitation. But as these essays demonstrate, ignorance is not simply a tool of oppression wielded by the powerful. It can also be a strategy for survival, an important tool for people of color to wield against white privilege and white supremacy. The book concludes that understanding ignorance and the politics of such ignorance should be a key element of epistemological and social/political analyses, for it has the potential to reveal the role of power in the construction of what is known and provide a lens for the political values at work in knowledge practices.
“This anthology brings together some very prominent philosophers to address one of the most embarrassing and blatantly ignored elephants in philosophy: ignorance. While philosophers claim to be children of Socrates, who alone was virtuous and courageous enough to recognize the fecundity of ignorance, few have really addressed it with the verve and originality displayed in the contributions to this volume. I consider it a must-have for libraries, faculty, and graduate students.” — Eduardo Mendieta, editor of The Frankfurt School on Religion: Key Writings by the Major Thinkers
Contributors include Linda Martín Alcoff, Alison Bailey, Robert Bernasconi, Lorraine Code, Harvey Cormier, Stephanie Malia Fullerton, Sarah Lucia Hoagland, Frank Margonis, Charles W. Mills, Lucius T. Outlaw (Jr.), Elizabeth V. Spelman, Shannon Sullivan, Paul C. Taylor, and Nancy Tuana.
At Penn State at University Park, Shannon Sullivan is Associate Professor of Philosophy and Women’s Studies, and Nancy Tuana is DuPont/Class of 1949 Professor of Philosophy and Women’s Studies. Sullivan is the author of Revealing Whiteness: The Unconscious Habits of Racial Privilege, and Tuana is coeditor (with Sandra Morgen) of Engendering Rationalities, also published by SUNY Press.
Table of Contents
Introduction Shannon Sullivan and Nancy Tuana
Part I: Theorizing Ignorance
1. White Ignorance Charles W. Mills
2. Epistemologies of Ignorance: Three Types Linda Martín Alcoff
3. Ever Not Quite: Unfinished Theories, Unfinished Societies, and Pragmatism Harvey Cormier
4. Strategic Ignorance Alison Bailey
5. Denying Relationality: Epistemology and Ethics and Ignorance Sarah Lucia Hoagland
6. Managing Ignorance Elizabeth V. Spelman
Part II: Situating Ignorance
7. Race Problems, Unknown Publics, Paralysis, and Faith Paul C. Taylor
8. White Ignorance and Colonial Oppression: Or, Why I Know So Little about Puerto Rico Shannon Sullivan
9. John Dewey, W. E. B. Du Bois, and Alain Locke: A Case Study in White Ignorance and Intellectual Segregation Frank Margonis
10. Social Ordering and the Systematic Production of Ignorance Lucius T. Outlaw (Jr.)
11. The Power of Ignorance Lorraine Code
12. On Needing Not to Know and Forgetting What One Never Knew: The Epistemology of Ignorance in Fanon’s Critique of Sartre Robert Bernasconi
13. On the Absence of Biology in Philosophical Considerations of Race Stephanie Malia Fullerton