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Explores a wide range of Confucian-based cultures of authority in China.
This volume examines the values that have historically guided the negotiation of identity, both practical and ideal, in Chinese Confucian culture, considers how these values play into the conception and exercise of authority, and assesses their contemporary relevance in a rapidly globalizing world. Included are essays that explore the rule of ritual in classical Confucian political discourse; parental authority in early medieval tales; authority in writings on women; authority in the great and long-beloved folk novel of China Journey to the West; and the anti-Confucianism of Lu Xun, the twentieth-century writer and reformer. By examining authority in cultural context, these essays shed considerable light on the continuities and contentions underlying the vibrancy of Chinese culture.
While of interest to individual scholars and students, the book also exemplifies the merits of a thematic (rather than geographic or area studies) approach to incorporating Asian content throughout the curriculum. This approach provides increased opportunities for cross-cultural comparison and a forum for encouraging values-centered conversation in the classroom.
“This excellent work deals with a critical issue of our time, the understanding of authority in culture. The topic is of great importance to every one of us, particularly in the context of the globalization of culture. To understand the processes going on around us, we must be able to understand the nature of authority as it is understood historically, within a multiplicity of cultures, and contemporarily, within a world of both diminishing and increasing boundaries. The topic itself stretches across our own disciplinary boundaries, marking its relevancy for philosophy, religion, political science, and history. What is addressed here is crosscutting and cutting edge in its significance.” — Rodney L. Taylor, author of The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Confucianism
“A rich and diverse introduction to how Confucians have thought about their tradition and lives for more than twenty-five hundred years, this fine book will certainly provoke thought in those who believe that they know something already about the topic of the formation of Confucian self-identity.”— John H. Berthrong, coauthor of Confucianism: A Short Introduction
Contributors include Roberta E. Adams, Roger T. Ames, Peter D. Hershock, Wenshan Jia, Tao Jiang, Keith N. Knapp, Steven B. Miles, Henry Rosemont Jr., Virginia Suddath, Lawrence R. Sullivan,and Robin R. Wang.
Peter D. Hershock is Coordinator of the Asian Studies Development Program at the East-West Center in Honolulu. His books include Chan Buddhism. Roger T. Ames is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Hawaii at Manoa and editor of Philosophy East & West. His many books include the translation (with D. C. Lau) of the classic Chinese work Sun Bin: The Art of Warfare, also published by SUNY Press.
Table of Contents
Introduction: Confucian Cultures of Authority Peter D. Hershock and Roger T. Ames
Two Loci of Authority: Autonomous Individuals and Related Persons Henry Rosemont Jr.
Intimate Authority: The Rule of Ritual in Classical Confucian Political Discourse Tao Jiang
The Wei (Positioning)-Ming (Naming)- Lianmian (Face)-Guanxi (Relationship)-Renqing (Humanized Feelings)
Complex in Contemporary Chinese Culture Wenshan Jia
4. Creeping Absolutism: Parental Authority as Seen in Early
Medieval Tales of Filial Offspring Keith N. Knapp
5. Virtue (de), Talent (cai), and Beauty (se): Authoring a
Full-fledged Womanhood in Lienuzhuan (Biographies of Women) Robin R. Wang
6. Aspects of Authority in Wu Cheng’en’s Journey to the West Roberta E. Adams
Establishing Authority through Scholarship: Ruan Yuan and
the Xuehaitang Academy Steven B. Miles
Intellectual and Political Controversies over Authority in
China: 1898–1922 Lawrence R. Sullivan
Ought We Throw the Confucian Baby Out with the
Authoritarian Bathwater?: A Critical Inquiry into
Lu Xun’s Anti-Confucian Identity Virginia Suddath