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Racial Competition and Class Solidarity
Racial Competition and Class Solidarity
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Terry Boswell - Author
Cliff Brown - Author
John Brueggemann - Author
T. Ralph Peters Jr. - Author
Price: $75.00 
Hardcover - 268 pages
Release Date: March 2006
ISBN10: 0-7914-6671-X
ISBN13: 978-0-7914-6671-1

Quantity:  
Price: $31.95 
Paperback - 268 pages
Release Date: January 2007
ISBN10: N/A
ISBN13: 978-0-7914-6672-8

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Summary Read First Chapter image missing

Looks at union organizing and strikes that were either strengthened by interracial cooperation or defeated by racial competition during the period between the Civil War and the Civil Rights Movement.

It sometimes seems that racial conflict is an intractable impediment to class solidarity in the United States. Yet in a time of economic depression and overt racism, the unions of the CIO did, on a number of occasions, forge interracial solidarity among industrial workers of the 1930s and 1940s. This book explores the role of racism and racial solidarity in union organizing efforts or strikes during the period between the Civil War and the Civil Rights Movement, covering both those conditions and actions that enabled unions to realize interracial solidarity and those more common circumstances in which union organizing was defeated by racial competition.

The authors combine theories of racial competition, specifically split labor market theory, with game theory models of collective action to compare the patterns of race relations that accompanied nine American labor organizing drives and strikes. They conclude that racial competition thwarted solidarity when minorities were recent immigrants or where employers used racist paternalism. Where conditions were more favorable, unions overcame racial divisions by institutionalizing their rhetoric about racial equality in the form of black organizers and black union officials, in what came to be known as the “miners’ formula.” This formula worked, and the CIO unions today remain among the country’s most integrated institutions and most powerful advocates of working class interests.

“This is an important book that advances the understanding of race, labor, and collective action by developing racial competition theory through a comparative view of split labor markets.” — CHOICE

“I like the linkage of a general theory of racial/ethnic conflict with detailed case studies of episodes of labor conflict. The case studies not only illustrate the value of split labor market theory, but also allow the authors to extend/modify the theory.” — Rory McVeigh, University of Notre Dame

“The authors ground the book in relevant rich theoretical perspectives, provide good historical narratives of each case, and employ cutting-edge comparative analytic techniques.” — Vincent J. Roscigno, coauthor of The Voice of Southern Labor: Radio, Music, and Textile Strikes, 1929–1934

Terry Boswell is Professor of Sociology at Emory University and the author (with Christopher Chase-Dunn) of The Spiral of Capitalism and Socialism: Toward Global Democracy. Cliff Brown is Associate Professor of Sociology at the University of New Hampshire. John Brueggemann is Associate Professor of Sociology at Skidmore College. T. Ralph Peters Jr. is Professor of Sociology and History at Floyd College.


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Table of Contents

Acknowledgments

1. Introduction

2. Theories of Racial Competition and Organizing Solidarity

3. Migration and Markets—The Origins of Split Labor Markets

4. Sojourner Labor—The Pattern of Discrimination against Chinese Immigrants, 1850-1882

5. Racial Competition in the Great Steel Strike of 1919

6. The Formula—Interracial Solidarity in the Coal, Steel, and Auto Unions, 1927-1941

7. Operation Dixie—Paternalism and Employer Discrimination in Southern Textiles, 1946-1953

8. Conclusions—Organizing Solidarity

Appendix—Qualitative Comparative Analyses of Strikebreaking and Solidarity

Notes
References
Index



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