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Identity and Institutions
Conflict Reduction in Divided Societies
Identity and Institutions
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Neal G. Jesse - Author
Kristen P. Williams - Author
SUNY series in Global Politics
SUNY series in National Identities
Price: $55.00 
Hardcover - 208 pages
Release Date: May 2005
ISBN10: 0-7914-6451-2
ISBN13: 978-0-7914-6451-9

Quantity:  
Price: $31.95 
Paperback - 208 pages
Release Date: June 2006
ISBN10: 0-7914-6452-0
ISBN13: 978-0-7914-6452-6

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Summary Read First Chapter image missing

Explores the role of international institutions in reducing conflict in multiethnic societies.

How can conflicts between various nationalist/ethnic groups be reduced? Combining theory with case studies of Spain and Ireland, Neal G. Jesse and Kristen P. Williams develop an argument favoring a solution that links resolving issues of identity and perceptions of inequality to the establishment of cross-national, democratic institutions. These institutions can affect deeply held attitudes by promoting overlapping identities and pooling sovereignty. Overlapping identities reduce tension by creating an atmosphere where different ethnic groups lose their strict definitions of Self and Other. Pooling sovereignty across a number of international (and national) representative bodies leads to increased access to governmental policymaking for all parties involved, with each nationalist/ethnic group having a stake in government. Increased access, moreover, reduces threat perceptions and ethnic security dilemmas, and increases trust—all of which play an important role in overcoming such conflicts.

“…an ambitious and creative effort.” — Political Science Quarterly

"Most studies dealing with post–cold war ethnic conflicts focus exclusively on the causes of these disagreements. Identity and Institutions, in contrast, analyzes how cross-border institutions, by combining entities, can help in reducing ethnic conflict. The blending of social psychology with political institutions is new, and makes a significant contribution." — Uk Heo, coeditor of Conflict in Asia: Korea, China-Taiwan, and India-Pakistan

"In a post–cold war environment replete with nationalist/ethnic tensions, Jesse and Williams could hardly have chosen a more pressing topic. They convincingly show how cross-border institutions help to reduce the enemy image and thereby promote a reduction in tensions between nationalist/ethnic groups. This book has important policy implications and sheds new light on a timely topic." — Katja Weber, author of Hierarchy amidst Anarchy: Transaction Costs and Institutional Choice

Neal G. Jesse is Assistant Professor of Political Science at Bowling Green State University. Kristen P. Williams is Assistant Professor of Government and International Relations at Clark University and the author of Despite Nationalist Conflicts: Theory and Practice of Maintaining World Peace.



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Table of Contents

List of Illustrations
Preface

1. Theory of Identity and Institutions

2. Inequality and Nationalist Conflicts: The Dual Process of State-Building and Nation-Building in Spain

3. Integrating Strong National Identities in the European Union

4. Protestants, Catholics, and the Good Friday Peace Agreement in Northern Ireland

5. Conclusion: Institutions and the Construction of Identity

Notes
Bibliography
Index


Related Subjects
44018/43983(MR/DG/SP)

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