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Biological Anthropology and Ethics
From Repatriation to Genetic Identity
Biological Anthropology and Ethics
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Trudy R. Turner - Editor
Price: $86.50 
Hardcover - 337 pages
Release Date: December 2004
ISBN10: 0-7914-6295-1
ISBN13: 978-0-7914-6295-9

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Price: $33.95 
Paperback - 337 pages
Release Date: December 2004
ISBN10: 0-7914-6296-X
ISBN13: 978-0-7914-6296-6

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The first comprehensive account of the ethical issues facing biological anthropologists today.

Biological anthropologists face an array of ethical issues as they engage in fieldwork around the world. In this volume human biologists, geneticists, paleontologists, and primatologists confront their involvement with, and obligations to, their research subjects, their discipline, society, and the environment. Those working with human populations explore such issues as who speaks for a group, community consultation and group consent, the relationship between expatriate communities and the community of origin, and disclosing the identity of both individuals and communities. Those working with skeletal remains discuss issues that include access to and ownership of fossil material. Primatologists are concerned about the well-being of their subjects in laboratory and captive situations, and must address yet another set of issues regarding endangered animal populations and conservation in field situations. The first comprehensive account of the ethical issues facing biological anthropologists today, Biological Anthropology and Ethics opens the door for discussions of ethical issues in professional life.

“This welcome edited volume … establishes critical base-lines for the emerging discourse regarding biological anthropology and ethics, not only in the United States but in a globalized world of research.” — Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute

Biological Anthropology and Ethics reminds us that we need to guard against carrying out our work in a vacuum devoid of ethical considerations.” — International Journal of Primatology

“This stimulating volume is worthy, not only of our attention, but also of our reflection on these issues in our work.” — International Journal of Osteoarcheology

“The authors and editor of this volume are to be congratulated for producing a coherent volume that both solidifies the foundation of ethical research design within biological anthropology, and makes for a very interesting read. It will provide an excellent point of departure for undergraduate seminars and graduate students about to begin their own research.” — Journal of Anthropological Research

"This is a timely, important, and fascinating work. It performs a wonderful service by thoughtfully confronting ethical issues in all branches of anthropology, from primatology to fossils to studies of living people. This book will serve as a very important resource for future ethical codes of anthropological and related associations." — Kathleen Gibson, coeditor of Evolutionary Anatomy of the Primate Cerebral Cortex

Contributors include Susan C. Antón, Shawn W. Carlyle, Jonathan S. Friedlaender, Michele L. Goldsmith, M. Geoffry Hayes, Frederika A. Kaestle, Jay Kaplan, Rick A. Kittles, Clark Spencer Larsen, Cathi Lehn, Leslie S. Lieberman, Jeffrey C. Long, Alan E. Mann, Janet M. Monge, Leanne T. Nash, Jeffrey D. Nelson, Dennis H. O’Rourke, David G. Smith, Sara Stinson, Trudy R. Turner, Phillip L. Walker, Heather Walsh-Haney, Sloan R. Williams, Cynthia E. Winston, Linda D. Wolfe, and Stacy Zamudio.

Trudy R. Turner is Professor of Anthropology at the University of Wisconsin at Milwaukee.


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Table of Contents

Acknowledgments

1. Introduction: Ethical Concerns in Biological Anthropology
Trudy R. Turner

2. Field Primatologists: Duties, Rights, and Obligations
Linda D. Wolfe

3. Studies of Primates in the Field and in Captivity: Similarities and Differences in Ethical Concerns
Leanne T. Nash

4. Habituating Primates for Field Study: Ethical Considerations for African Great Apes
Michele L. Goldsmith

5. Biological Samples in the Modern Zoological Park: A Case Study from the Bronx Zoo
Cathi Lehn

6. Commentary: Ethical Issues Surrounding the Use of Nonhuman Primates in Biomedical Research
Jay Kaplan

7. Ethical Issues in the Molding and Casting of Fossil Specimens
Janet M. Monge and Alan E. Mann

8. The Ethics of Bioarchaeology
Clarke Spenser Larsen and Phillip L. Walker

9. Ethical Issues in Forensic Anthropology
Heather Walsh-Haney and Leslie S. Lieberman

10. Commentary: A Discussion of Ethical Issues in Skeletal Biology
Susan C. Anton

11. Ethical Issues in Human Biology Behavioral Research and Research with Children
Sara Stinson

12. Institutional Review Boards: The Structural and Cultural Obstacles Encountered in Human Biological Research
Stacy Zamudio

13. Darkness in El Dorado: Claims, Counter-Claims, and the Obligations of Researchers
Trudy R. Turner and Jeffrey D. Nelson

14. A Case Study of Ethical Issues in Genetic Research: The Sally Hemings-Thomas Jefferson Story
Sloan R. Williams

15. Psychological and Ethical Issues Related to Identity and Inferring Ancestry of African Americans
Cynthia E. Winston and Rick A. Kittles

16. The Consent Process and aDNA Research: Contrasting Approaches in North America
Dennis H. O'Rourke, M. Geoffry Hayes, and Shawn W. Carlyle

17. Working with Ancient DNA: NAGPRA, Kennewick Man, and Other Ancient Peoples
Frederika A. Kaestle and David G. Smith

18. Commentary: Changing Standards of Informed Consent: Raising the Bar
Jonathan S. Friedlaender

19. Commentary: An Overview of Human Subjects Research in Biological Anthropology
Jeffrey C. Long

20. Commentary: Data Sharing and Access to Information
Trudy R. Turner

Appendix I. Code of Ethics of the American Anthropological Association

Appendix II. Code of Ethics of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists

List of Contributors

Index



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