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International Relations under Risk
Framing State Choice
International Relations under Risk
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Jeffrey D. Berejikian - Author
SUNY series in Global Politics
Price: $40.00 
Hardcover - 166 pages
Release Date: August 2004
ISBN10: 0-7914-6007-X
ISBN13: 978-0-7914-6007-8

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Price: $25.95 
Paperback - 166 pages
Release Date: 
ISBN10: 0-7914-6008-8
ISBN13: 978-0-7914-6008-5

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Summary Read First Chapter image missing

Argues that international relations ought to be anchored in realistic models of human decision making.

The field of international relations is only now beginning to take notice of cognitive models of decision making. Arguing against the trend of adopting formalistic depictions of human choice, Berejikian suggests that international relations and realistic models of human decision making go hand-in-hand. The result is a set of interconnected propositions that provide compelling new insights into state behavior. Utilizing this framework, he discusses the behavior of the United States and Europe in negotiating the Montreal Protocol, a landmark international agreement designed to save the earth's protective ozone shield.

“This book challenges the rational choice assumptions that undergird much of the extant international relations literature on deterrence, bargaining, cooperation, economic behavior, and the exercise of power [and] Berejikian clearly succeeds in his effort to demonstrate the value of integrating empirical observations from cognitive psychology into our models of state interaction.” — Perspectives on Politics

"A very well-written, empirically-grounded contribution to the literature on prospect theory in international relations. If the use of psychological models in international relations is going to advance, it is just this kind of work, integrating disparate issues into a comprehensive theoretical explication, that will lead the way." — Rose McDermott, author of Risk-Taking in International Politics: Prospect Theory in American Foreign Policy

"Berejikian goes far beyond previous attempts to apply prospect theory to international relations. This book is a useful addition to this rising research program, particularly the application to the EU and the US in the Montreal Protocol." — Jack S. Levy, author of War in the Modern Great Power System, 1495–1975

Jeffrey D. Berejikian is Assistant Professor of International Affairs at the University of Georgia.


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Table of Contents

PREFACE AND ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

1. COMPETING MODELS OF DECISION MAKING

Introduction
Cognition and International Relations Theory
Prospect Theory
Assessment
Chapter Summary

2. PROSPECT THEORY AND INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

Introduction
Arguments against Prospect Theory
Prospect Theory and the Study of International Relations
Conclusion

3. THE USE OF POWER

Introduction
Status Quo, Subjectivity, and Decision Frames
Power and Coercion
Military Deterrence
Economic Threats
Two-Level Economic Threat Model
The Failure of Sanctions
Conclusion

4. COOPERATION

Introduction
Propositions on Negotiation and Cooperation
Cooperation and the Prisoner's Dilemma
Is Cooperation Risky or Safe?
Strategic Choice
Cooperation and the Tragedy of the Commons
Conclusion

5. A UNIFIED THEORY OF PREFERENCES

Introduction
The Gains Debate
The Problem of Fixed Preferences
Constructivism and the Gains Debate
Unifying Preferences
Power, Preferences, and Strategies
Conclusion

6. THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITY

Background
Foreign Policy in a Community
The Decision Frame Prior to Vienna
Negotiating at Vienna: 1982–1985
Relative or Absolute Gains?
The Formation of a Losses Frame
The European Gamble
Conclusion

7. THE UNITED STATES

Background
Banning CFCs Prior to a Decision Frame
American Passivity
The Alliance for CFCs
An Inadvertent Losses Frame
The Move to Multilateralism: Vienna and Montreal
Conclusion

8. CONCLUSIONS

Preferences and Frames
Realism and Cooperation
Risk Acceptance, Cooperation, and Regime Design
Power, Leverage, and Domestic Win-Sets
The "Ozone Hole"
The Promise of a Cognitive Research Program

NOTES

REFERENCES

SERIES LIST

INDEX



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