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Selective Incapacitation and Public Policy
Evaluating California's Imprisonment Crisis
Selective Incapacitation and Public Policy
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Kathleen Auerhahn - Author
SUNY series in New Directions in Crime and Justice Studies
Price: $71.50 
Hardcover - 236 pages
Release Date: October 2003
ISBN10: 0-7914-5797-4
ISBN13: 978-0-7914-5797-9

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Price: $31.95 
Paperback - 236 pages
Release Date: October 2003
ISBN10: 0-7914-5798-2
ISBN13: 978-0-7914-5798-6

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Summary Read First Chapter image missing

Using cutting-edge methodologies, this book evaluates California's measures to protect the public from dangerous criminals.

From the 1970s to the new millennium, the prison population in the United States has quadrupled while an unprecedented amount of sentencing reform has taken place, largely intended to protect the public from dangerous criminals. This book details the California experience, including the history and politics of criminal sentencing policy reform, as well as the consequences of this activity to the criminal justice system. Using cutting-edge computer simulation modeling, Kathleen Auerhahn explores the impact that sentencing reforms dating back to the 1970s have had on the composition and structure of the criminal justice system, with specific focus on prison populations. She illustrates how dynamic systems simulation modeling is used to both examine "possible futures" under a variety of sentencing structures and sentencing policy alternatives, including narrowing "strike zones" and the early release of elderly offenders, in order to more effectively target the dangerous criminals these policies promise to remove from society via incarceration.

"A unique treatment of the impact of sentencing policy changes on the criminal justice system, including myriad unintended consequences, and an exploration of more positive alternatives. The author grounds her analysis and argument in important historical contexts and theoretical material, whereby the method of analysis is compelling and worthy of emulation." — Jeffery Ulmer, author of Social Worlds of Sentencing: Court Communities Under Sentencing Guidelines

"This book clearly presents an innovative and sophisticated form of analysis for an important policy problem." — Peter W. Greenwood, coauthor of Three Strikes and You're Out: Estimated Benefits and Costs of California's New Mandatory-Sentencing Law

Kathleen Auerhahn is Assistant Professor of Criminal Justice at Temple University.


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Table of Contents

Acknowledgments

Part I: The Criminal in Society: Penal Response and Rationale

1. Introduction

2. Criminal Punishment in Civil Society: Purpose and Method

3. Criminal Sentencing Reform and Paradigm Change in California

Part II: Incapacitation and Dangerousness

4. Selective Incapacitation

5. Dangerousness

6. Assessing the Level of Dangerousness in the Criminal Justice System

Part III: Evaluating the Past, Choosing the Future

7. Modeling the California Criminal Justice System, Part I: Reproducing and Evaluating the Past

8. Modeling the California Criminal Justice System, Part II: Predictive Evaluation

9. Conclusion: Choosing California's Future

Technical Appendix A: Data Sources and Estimation Procedures

Technical Appendix B: Example of Simulation Model Code

Notes

Bibliography

Subject Index

Author Index



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