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Contested Nature
Promoting International Biodiversity with Social Justice in the Twenty-first Century
Contested Nature
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Steven R. Brechin - Editor
Crystal L. Fortwangler - Editor
Peter R. Wilshusen - Editor
Patrick C. West - Editor
N/A
Hardcover - 338 pages
Release Date: August 2003
ISBN10: 0-7914-5775-3
ISBN13: 978-0-7914-5775-7

Out of Print
Price: $33.95 
Paperback - 338 pages
Release Date: August 2003
ISBN10: 0-7914-5776-1
ISBN13: 978-0-7914-5776-4

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Contends that effective biological conservation and social justice must go hand in hand.

How can the international conservation movement protect biological diversity, while at the same time safeguarding the rights and fulfilling the needs of people, particularly the poor? Contested Nature argues that to be successful in the long-term, social justice and biological conservation must go hand in hand. The protection of nature is a complex social enterprise, and much more a process of politics, and of human organization, than ecology. Although this political complexity is recognized by practitioners, it rarely enters into the problem analyses that inform conservation policy. Structured around conceptual chapters and supporting case studies that examine the politics of conservation in specific contexts, the book shows that pursuing social justice enhances biodiversity conservation rather than diminishing it, and that the fate of local peoples and that of conservation are completely intertwined.

“Written in an accessible and engaging style [it is] full of new ideas and accounts of the latest practices and problems that will form a valuable compendium for people wrestling with these problems.” — Journal of Ecological Anthropology

"Using a variety of perspectives, and mixing theory with practical examples, Contested Nature opens new vistas on how social justice can be furthered through the establishment and management of protected areas while still meeting critical nature conservation objectives." — David Harmon, Executive Director of The George Wright Society and author of In Light of Our Differences: How Diversity in Nature and Culture Makes Us Human

"This book is essential reading, not just for scholars and environmental activists, but for all who care about the survival of our planet. It addresses the central question of our era, how to halt increasing environmental decay and social exclusion—processes that create a degraded, diminished, and unjust world. In doing so, it presents the most powerful argument yet published for connecting the protection of biological diversity with social justice." — Jacklyn Cock, University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa

"This book is the first comprehensive attempt to apply social science concepts and analyses to the urgent, practical mandate of balancing biodiversity conservation with social justice. The analysis draws on a broad range of theoretical approaches to derive useful new thinking that helps to move beyond the growing polarization between conservation and social justice." — Marianne Schmink, Director of the Tropical Conservation and Development Program at the University of Florida

Contributors include Valentin Agbo, Jill Belsky, Charles Benjamin, Steven R. Brechin, Delma Buhat, Patrick Christie, Michael K. Dorsey, Crystal L. Fortwangler, Len R. Garces, Charles Geisler, Lisa L. Gezon, R. Murguia, Michael Simsik, Nestor Sokpon, Patrick C. West, Alan T. White, and Peter R. Wilshusen.

Steven R. Brechin is Professor of Sociology at Syracuse University. He is the coauthor (with Patrick C. West) of Resident Peoples and National Parks: Social Dilemmas and Strategies in International Conservation. Peter R. Wilshusen is Associate Professor of Environmental Studies at Bucknell University. Crystal L. Fortwangler is Visiting Assistant Professor of Environmental Studies at Oberlin College. Patrick C. West is Vice President and Chairman of the Board of Windago Heights and editor of Windago Heights Press.



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Table of Contents

PREFACE

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

1. CONTESTED NATURE
Conservation and Development at the Turn of the Twenty-first Century
Peter R. Wilshusen, Steven R. Brechin, Crystal L. Fortwangler, Patrick C. West

PART I: POLITICS, POWER, AND SOCIAL JUSTICE IN BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION

2. THE WINDING ROAD
Incorporating Social Justice and Human Rights into Protected Area Policies
Crystal L. Fortwangler

3. EXPLORING THE POLITICAL CONTOURS OF CONSERVATION
A Conceptual View of Power in Practice
Peter R. Wilshusen

4. WANDERING BOUNDARIES AND ILLEGAL RESIDENTS
The Political Ecology of Protected Area Deforestation in South Sumatra Indonesia from 1979 to 1992
Steven R. Brechin

5. TERRITORY, NATURE, AND CULTURE
Negotiating the Boundaries of Biodiversity Conservation in Colombia's Pacific Coastal Region
Peter R. Wilshusen

6. UNMASKING THE "LOCAL"
Gender, Community, and the Politics of Community-Based Rural Ecotourism in Belize
Jill M. Belsky

7. THE POLITICAL ECONOMY OF ECOTOURISM
Pendjari National Park and Ecotourism Concentration in Northern Benin
Patrick C. West, Crystal L. Fortwangler, Valentin Agbo, Michael Simsik, Nestor Sokpon

8. PRIVATIZING CONSERVATION
Jeffrey Langholz

9. THE POLITICAL ECOLOGY OF BIOPROSPECTING IN AMAZONIAN ECUADOR
History, Political Economy, and Knowledge
Michael K. Dorsey

PART II: INSTITUTIONS, ORGANIZATIONS, AND PARTICIPATORY PROCESSES
Conceptual Tools for Constructing Biodiversity Conservation with Social Justice

10. CRAFTING CONSERVATION GLOBALLY AND LOCALLY
Complex Organizations and Governance Regimes
Steven R. Brechin, Peter R. Wilshusen, Charles E. Benjamin

11. THE REGIONAL APPROACH IN NORTHERN MADAGASCAR
Moving Beyond Integrated Conservation and Development
Lisa L. Gezon

12. SCALING UP FROM THE GRASSROOTS
NGO Networks and the Challenges of Organizational Maintenance in Mexico's Yucatán Peninsula,
Peter R. Wilshusen, Raúl E. Murguía

13. YOUR PARK, MY POVERTY
Using Impact Assessment to Counter the Displacement Effects of Environmental Greenlining
Charles Geisler

14. THE CHALLENGES AND REWARDS OF COMMUNITY-BASED COASTAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT
San Salvador Island, Philippines
Patrick Christie, Delma Buhat, Len R. Garces, Alan T. White

15. THE ROAD LESS TRAVELED
Toward Nature Protection with Social Justice
Steven R. Brechin, Peter R. Wilshusen, Crystal L. Fortwangler, Patrick C. West

WORKS CITED

LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS

INDEX



Related Subjects
41766/41767(MR/LDS/)

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