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Human Sciences
Reappraising the Humanities Through History and Philosophy
Human Sciences
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Jens Hoyrup - Author
SUNY series in Science, Technology, and Society
Price: $82.50 
Hardcover - 448 pages
Release Date: June 2000
ISBN10: 0-7914-4603-4
ISBN13: 978-0-7914-4603-4

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Price: $33.95 
Paperback - 448 pages
Release Date: June 2000
ISBN10: 0-7914-4604-2
ISBN13: 978-0-7914-4604-1

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Summary Read First Chapter image missing

Offers historical and philosophical arguments for treating the humanities as sciences.

Human Sciences assesses the importance and value of the humanities historically and philosophically, and makes the case for treating them as sciences. Through careful examination of the characteristics they share with the natural and social sciences, as well as what distinguishes them from other scientific fields, the book argues that the humanities may be seen to correspond with the German/Latin Wissenschaft/scientia--that is, as systematic, organized bodies of knowledge, rather than as branches of knowledge that should necessarily emulate the quantitative and experimental approach of the natural sciences. After analyzing the humanities from historical and philosophical perspectives, the book presents a general philosophy of science that results from an analysis of the features that are shared by the humanities and the natural and social sciences, and then applies some of these insights to philosophical problems of particular relevance for the humanities, such as moral philosophy and the relation between art and cognition.

"The originality of the work is unquestionable. It is the product of deep learning and reflection, and it provides a fresh look at the development of and the prospects for the humanities." -- Lewis Pyenson, coauthor of Servants of Nature: A History of Scientific Institutions, Enterprises, and Sensibilities

"This is an extremely timely subject, especially as the value and importance of the humanities have recently come into question so prominently in the national press. It is a continuing concern of higher education, especially as colleges and universities face increasing pressure to stress professional and scientific education. The question of how the humanities should serve to prepare students and the public at large for the many challenges life provides is one reason this book is of considerable interest." -- Joseph W. Dauben, The Graduate Center, The City University of New York

Jens Hoyrup is Professor in the Section for Philosophy and Science Studies at Roskilde University in Denmark and the author of In Measure, Number, and Weight: Studies in Mathematics and Culture, also published by SUNY Press.


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Table of Contents

Introduction

Some Fundamental Concepts

Part I: Institutions, Professions, and Ideas
Approaching the Humanities through their History and Settings


1
A Bronze Age Scribal Culture: A Sociological Fable with an Implicit Moral


Brain work and state formation

The first intellectuals

Scribal "humanism"

2
Classical Antiquity


The rise of philosophy

From the Sophists to Aristotle

The epoch of Hellenization

The impact of Christianity

3
The Middle Ages


An era of renascences

The Central Middle Ages (750 to 1050)

The age of the Liberal Arts

The rise of universities

Aristotelianism

The compromise

The fourteenth century

The post-medieval university

4
The Renaissance


Renaissance and Humanism

The wider context

Humanist scholarship, pedantry, and the humanities

A "Scientific Renaissance"?

5
The Early Modern Epoch and Classicism


A shifting centre of gravity

Courtly culture and classicism

From scientific to philosophical revolution

Scholarly and theoretical activity

The problem of the Baroque

6
The Enlightenment


The appearance of the "public sphere"

The Enlightenment movement and its workers

General themes and accomplishment

Philosophy redefined

Enlightenment and Revolution

7
The Nineteenth Century


The institutionalization of unbounded scientific quest

The German university reform and the humanities

"Positive knowledge"

Popularized science and popular science

Academic and non-academic humanities

8
Toward the Present: Scientific Humanities


9
Bibliographic Essay


Part II: Human Science and Human "Nature"

10
Cognitive Interests


11
Anthropologies


12
Theories of Created Man


Determination by the body

Environmental determination

Sociologisms

Weberian sociology: an example

Structuralisms

Functionalism

13
Humanity as Freedom


The early Sartre: freedom as an absolute principle

The elusive connection: freedom versus explanation

14
Toward Synthesis: Human Nature as Dialectic and History


Dialectic

Summing up

Part III: The Art of Knowing
An Essay on Epistemology in Practice


15
INTRODUCTORY OBSERVATIONS


Philosophy and the problem of knowledge

16
A Piagetian Introduction to the General Problem of Knowledge


Schemes and dialectic

The periods

Supplementary observations

The status of schemes and categories

17
The Nature and Demarcation of Scientific Knowledge


A pseudo-historical introduction to some key concepts

Empiricism and falsificationism

Instrumentalism and truth

Instruments or models?

18
A New Approach: Theories about the Scientific Process


Popper and Lakatos: theories or research programmes?

Theories falsified by theories

The limits of formalization

Kuhn: Paradigms and finger exercises

The structure of scientific development

Collective and individual knowledge

Two kinds of"logic"

Objections and further meditations

19
Truth, Causality, and Objectivity


Truth

Causality

Objectivity, subjectivity, and particularism

20
The Role of Norm


Logic and norms

Explanations of morality

Morality, language and social practice

Knowledge, norms and ideology

Value relativism and value nihilism

Institutional imperatives

Theoretical versus applied science

Further norms, contradictions, contradictory interpretations

21
The Theory of Interdisciplinary and Applied Science


Know-how and know-why

The acquisition of theoretical knowledge

The "Scientific-Technological Revolution"

Interdisciplinarity

Interdisciplinarity in basic research

22
Art and Cognition


Knowing about art

Knowing in art

Fresh eyes

Form versus contents

Gelsted and Epicuros

Art as thought experiments

"Realism"

Synthetical understanding and practical knowledge

Abbreviations and Bibliography

Name and Title Index

Subject Index


Related Subjects
36308/36309(JP/LDS/AV)

Related Titles

The War and Peace of a New Metaphysical Perception, Volume I
The War and Peace of a New Metaphysical Perception, Volume I
Archaeology and the Origins of Philosophy
Archaeology and the Origins of Philosophy
The Question of the Other
The Question of the Other
Virtue in Being
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Postphenomenology and Technoscience
Postphenomenology and Technoscience
Social Sensitivity
Social Sensitivity
Wittgenstein: From Mysticism to Ordinary Language
Wittgenstein: From Mysticism to Ordinary Language
Postmodern Environmental Ethics
Postmodern Environmental Ethics
Feminist Readings of Antigone
Feminist Readings of Antigone
Other Selves
Other Selves



 
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