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On Narrow Ground
Urban Policy and Ethnic Conflict in Jerusalem and Belfast
On Narrow Ground
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Scott A. Bollens - Author
SUNY series in Urban Public Policy
Price: $58.50 
Hardcover - 436 pages
Release Date: January 2000
ISBN10: 0-7914-4413-9
ISBN13: 978-0-7914-4413-9

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Price: $33.95 
Paperback - 436 pages
Release Date: January 2000
ISBN10: 0-7914-4414-7
ISBN13: 978-0-7914-4414-6

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Summary Read First Chapter image missing

Uses case studies of Jerusalem and Belfast to explore how cities function in the midst of nationalistic conflict.

Examining how nationalistic ethnic conflict penetrates the building of cities, this book explores whether urban policymaking may independently influence the shape and magnitude of that conflict. Bollens utilizes an analytic lens to study the complex spatial and psychological qualities of unique urban arenas of nationalistic conflict and the obstacles faced by policymakers in improving intergroup relations. An integrative analytic approach combining the perspectives of political science, urban planning, geography, and social psychology is used to examine such urban issues as sovereignty, territoriality, group identity, and community organization. Focusing on Jerusalem and Belfast as examples of urban polarization, the book describes struggles over local policymaking that are intensified by disputes reflecting racial, nationalist, and/or religious fractures. Because these cities are important microcosms of regional and international conflict, they constitute an essential analytical scale for studying contemporary intrastate patterns and processes of ethnic conflict, violence, and their management.

"The issues raised are very crucial and currently in the news. This is a carefully prepared book on a timely topic, and the author displays good knowledge of diverse cultural situations. The two case studies are excellent and provide useful new information." -- Arthur Jay Klinghoffer, author of The International Dimension of Genocide in Rwanda

Scott A. Bollens is Associate Professor and Chair of the Department of Urban and Regional Planning, University of California, Irvine. His previous books include Urban Peacebuilding in Divided Societies and (with David R. Godschalk, John S. Hekman, and Mike E. Miles) Land Supply Monitoring: A Guide for Improving Public and Private Urban Development Decisions.


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Table of Contents

List of Figures

List of Tables

Preface

Acknowledgments

PART I: CITY AND SOVEREIGNTY

1. Urban Arenas of Ethnic Conflict

Divided and Polarized Cities
Urban Policy amidst Polarization

2. Cities as Catalysts

Governing Ideology and Urban Policy
Urban Policy and Ethnic Conflict

3. Investigating Urban Policy and Conflict

Jerusalem and Belfast
Research Methods

PART II: JERUSALEM—THE FALLACY OF PARTISAN POLICY

4. Israel's "Jerusalem"

Background
Physcial and Demographic Setting
Political Control
Jewish-Arab Relations
Israeli Urban Policy Since 1967
Urban Goals
Structure of Israeli Planning
Operationalizing "Unification" and "Security"
–Magnitude
–Location
–Restrictions
"Yes, We Have Plans": The Mismatch between Israeli Planning and the Arab Community
Urban Service Delivery in a Contested City
–Urban Disparities and Political Strategy

5. Partisanship and the Palestinians

The Internal Dynamics of Partisanship
The Intersection of National and Municiple Imperatives
"This Was a Glorious Time": The Psychology of Israeli Planning
Palestinians and Israeli Urban Policy
Jerusalem's Palestinians
Tactics of Resistance
Counterstrategies

6. Jerusalem, the West Bank, and Peace

Thickening the Land-Use War
Metropolitan Jerusalem
–Goals and Aspirations of Metropolitan Planning
–Perceived Separability of the Functional from the Political
–Professional Techniques Aimed at Conflict Amelioration
–Planned Participants
–Planning Outputs amidst Political Contest
Jerusalem and the West Bank
Has Israel Achieved Its Goals Pertaining to Jerusalem?
The Fallacy of Partisan Planning
Buffer or Flashpoint?
The Future of Jerusalem: City and Sovereignty
Jerusalem Negotiated: Toward Mutual Coexistence
Reconceptualizing Urban Planning and Policy

PART III: BELFAST—GREYNESS WHERE COLOR MATTERS

7. Territoriality and Governance

Background
Physical and Demographic Setting
Political Control
Economic Aspects
Sectarian Geographies and the "Peacelines"
Urban Engagement: Participants and Principles
Participants in Belfast Urban Policy
Community Activism amidst Strife
Greyness Where Color Matters
Town Planning and Ethnic Divisions
Public Housing and Segregation

8. Lost Opportunities, Unequal Outcomes

At the Sharp Edge
Government Tactics amidst Polarization
Marginalization of Planning and Strategy
Outcomes of Belfast Urban Policies
Neutral Means, Unequal Outcomes
Public Perceptions
Twenty Years of Deprivation

9. The Demands of Peace

Managing Differential Community Needs
Progressive Ethnic Management
Emerging Innovative Policy Approaches
–Acknowledging Ethnic Community Dynamics
–Bridging the Ethnic Divide
–Pursuing Fair Treatment by Government
Spatial Targeting
Strategic Investments for Community Viability
–Toward Coexistence
The Future of Belfast: City and Sectarianism

PART IV: CONCLUSIONS

10. Urban Policy on Narrow Ground

Urban Policy amidst Polarization
Ideology, Urban Policy, and Ethnic Conflict
The Challenge of Urban Coexistence

Appendices

1. Research Issues
2. Interviews Conducted

Notes
References
Index



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