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Presents alternative and often opposing viewpoints on the major national and international environmental controversies that will be with us well into the twenty-first century.
Although considerable progress has been made in improving environmental quality in parts of the United States, many localities have yet to meet federal air and water quality standards and many hazardous-waste sites remain to be cleaned up. At the international level, the U.S. and other countries continue to face critical environmental problems. As a contribution to the literature on public policy and to help educate students about natural resource issues, this book identifies the likely "hot spots" of environmental policy and presents alternative and often opposing points of view on the major controversies that are likely to be with us well into the next century. Among the topics covered are comparative risk assessment; market incentives in environmental regulation; environmental justice; public versus private management of public lands; international trade and sustainable development; and the relationship between national security and environmental protection.
"The topic of this book is timely and important, and it will add in a significant way to the extant literature on environmental politics and policy. The editors and contributors are to be commended. The editors have lined up some very competent and prominent people who study environmental politics and policy, among them Professors Walter Rosenbaum, Gary Bryner, Steven Cohen, Sheldon Kamieniecki, Ann Bowman, John Baden, and Charles Davis, as well as graduate students and newly emerged assistant professors. That mix of established scholars and junior people is an asset...as the book is infused with both experience and new ideas." -- James P. Lester, Colorado State University
"The 'controversies format' makes for interesting reading and a good teaching tool. Sustainability is the current catch word among natural resource managers and environmentalists, yet the meaning of the term is unclear. This book goes a long way toward explaining the debates surrounding sustainability. It is a useful text for upper division environmental policy courses and graduate seminars." -- Helen Ingram, Director, The Udall Center for Studies in Public Policy, University of Arizona
Sheldon Kamieniecki is Professor of Political Science and Director of the Environmental Studies Program at the University of Southern California. He is the editor of Environmental Politics in the International Arena and coeditor of Controversies in Environmental Policy, both published by SUNY Press. George A. Gonzalez and Robert O. Vos are graduate students in the Department of Political Science at the University of Southern California.
Table of Contents
Introduction: Competing Approaches to Sustainability: Dimensions of Controversy
Robert O. Vos
Section One: Risk Assessment
1. Regulation at Risk: The Controversial Politics and Science of Comparative Risk Assessment
Walter A. Rosenbaum
2. The Social and Political (Re)Construction of Risk
Stephen H. Linder
Section Two: Alternative Regulatory Approaches
3. Market Incentives in Air Pollution Control
4. Employing Strategic Planning in Environmental Regulation
Section Three: Environmental Equity and Environmental Justice
5. Two Faces of Equity in Superfund Implementation
Sheldon Kamieniecki and Janie Steckenrider
6. Environmental (In)Equity: Race, Class, and the Distribution of Environmental Bads
Ann O'M. Bowman
Section Four: Public versus Private Control over Federal Lands
7. Bringing Private Management to the Public Lands: Environmental and Economic Advantages
John A. Baden and Tim O'Brien
8. This Land is "Our" Land: The Case for Federal Retention of Public Lands
Section Five: Trade and Sustainable Development
9. Trade Liberalization and the Natural Environment: Conflict or Opportunity?
10. International Trade and Sustainable Development