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Anatomy of Rebellion provides an understanding of four rebellions that will make clear the factors that are crucial in the development of other rebellions. Seeking a political pattern in the process of rebellion, Claude Welch, Jr., has investigated four large-scale rural uprisings that came close to becoming revolutions: the Taiping rebellion in China 1850-64, the Telengana uprising in India of 1946-51, the Mau Mau rebellion in Kenya of 1952-56, the Kwilu uprising in Zaire of 1963-65.
Weaving the facts of these rebellions with theories about political violence, Welch follows the rebellions through the initial stages of discontent to the explosion of violence to the suppression of the uprisings. He then challenges explanations of political violence, both Marxist and non-Marxist, that other scholars have proposed.
Rebellions have not been studied as thoroughly as the major successful revolutions, although the frequency of rebellions in the modern world is not likely to diminish. Rural dwellers' discontents are still clashing with central governments' ambitions; Anatomy of Rebellion clarifies how this volatile type of political violence occurs.
Table of Contents
I. The Settling for Rebellion
1. The Four Rebellions and their Physical Settings
The Taiping Rebellion-- China, 1850-1964
The Telengana Rebellion-- India, 1946-1951
The Mau Mau Rebellion-- Kenya, 1952-1956
The Kwilu Rebellion-- Zaire, 1963-1965
Natural Disaster and Collective Political Violence
Land Scarcity, Ownership, and the Subsistence Ethic
2. The Bases for Collective Political Violence
Inequality and Social Strain
Collective Action and Social Structure
Bases of Inequality in Late Chi'ng China
Telengana: Communal and Class Perceptions of Conflict
Kikuyu Clans and Communal Land Tenure
Kwilu: Economic Impetus to Ethnic Rebellion
3. Alien Rule and the Potential for Discontent
Maxims for Minority Control
China: The Manchu Maintenance of Rural Control
Telengana: British "Paramountcy" in Theory, Muslim Dominance in Fact
Kenya: Race against "Paramountcy"
The Belgian Congo: Service Through Domination
II. The Politicization of Discontent
4. The Sense of Relative Deprivation
The Unseen Nature of Rural Discontent
The Uneven Nature of Politicization
Taiping: Hakka Perceptions of Threats to Livelihood
Telengana: The Intensification of Rural Indebtedness
Mau Mau: Alienation of Land and Alienation of Support
Kwilu: Aspiration Denied
5. Incumbent Response and the Actualization of Violence
Governmental Protection and Coercion in Rural Areas
Taiping: Imperial Ineptitude and Power Deflation
Telengana: Village Initiation and Landlord Response
Mau Mau: Nationalist Agitation or Incumbent Provocation?
Kwilu: The Rewards of Opposition
6. Leaders, Organizations, and the Coordination of Dissent
The Personal Bases of Political Institutions
Taiping: The God Worshippers and Other Organizational Types
Telengana: Communal and Class Bases for Conflict
Mau Mau: Constraints on African Political Expression
Kwilu: The Costs of Opposition
7. Ideology and the Justification and Direction of Rebellion
Four Functions of Ideology
Taiping: How Christian? How Confucian?
Telengana: Maoist Maladaptation?
Mau Mau: Oaths and Basic Objectives
Kwilu: Mulele's Redefinition of Maoism
III. Repression and Resurgence
8. Repression + Concession = Termination?
Contrasts between Repression and Pacification
Taiping: Suppression without Accommodation
Telengana: Incorporation, Reform and the Ebbing of Rebellion
Mau Mau: Lessons from Malaya and the Loyalists' Role
Kwilu: Ineffectual Repression, Inept Pacification
9. The Continuity of Protests and the Significance of Politics