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This book provides the first in-depth look at Muslim life and institutions forming in North America. It considers the range of Islamic life in North America with its different racial-ethnic and cultural identities, customs, and religious orientations. Issues of acculturation, ethnicity, orthodoxy, and the changing roles of women are brought into focus.The authors provide insight into the lives of recent immigrants who are asking what is Islamically appropriate in a non-Muslim environment.
Contrasts are drawn between Sunni and Shi'i groups, and attention is given to the activities of some Sufi organizations.The growing Islamic community among African-American Muslims is examined, including the followers of Warith Deen Muhammad and the sectarians identified with black power, such as the Nation of Islam, Darul Islam, and the Five Percenters. The authors document the challenge and issues which American Muslims face, such as pressure from overseas Muslims; dress and education; the influence of Islamic revivalism on the development of the community in this country; and the maintenance of Muslim identity amidst the pressures for assimilation.
Yvonne Yazbeck Haddad is Professor of Islamic History at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst. She is the author of Contemporary Islam and the Challenge of History ; co-author with Jane Idleman Smith of Mission to America; and co-author of Women, Religion, and Social Change.
Jane Idleman Smith is Academic Dean and Professor of History of Religions at the Iliff School of Theology. She is the author of The Concept of 'Islam' in the History of Qur'anic Studies; co-author with Yvonne Haddad of Islamic Understanding of Death and Resurrection; and editor of Women in Contemporary Muslim Society.
Table of Contents
Muslim Communities in North America: Introduction Part 1. Religious Communities
1. A Minority Within a Minority: The Case of the Shi'a in North America Abdulaziz Sachedina
2. The Sun of Islam Will Rise in the West: Minister Farrakhan and the Nation of Islam in the Latter Days Mattias Gardell
3. Urban Muslims: The Formation of the Dar ul-Islam Movement R. M. Mukhtar Curtis
4. Tradition and Innovation in Contemporary American Islamic Spirituality: The Bawa Muhaiyaddeen Fellowship Gisela Webb
5. The Five Percenters: A Teenage Nation of Gods and Earths Yusuf Nuruddin
Part 2. The Mosaic of Islamic Communities in Major Metropolitan Centers of the United States
6. Muslims in Los Angeles Ron Kelley
7. The Muslims of San Diego M. K. Hermansen
8. Muslims of Seattle Miriam Adeney and Kathryn DeMaster
9. To "Achieve the Pleasure of Allah": Immigrant Muslim Communities in New York City 18931991 Marc Ferris
10. Activities of the Immigrant Muslim Communities in Chicago Asad Husain and Harold Vogelaar
11. The Muslims of Indianapolis Steve A. Johnson
12. Diversity in Rochester's Islamic Community Tamara Sonn
13. The Islamic Center of New England Mary Lahaj
14. Muslims of Montreal Sheila McDonough Part 3. Ethnic Communities in Settings
15. The Shi'a Mosques and their Congregations in Dearborn Linda S. Walbridge
16. Bektashi Tekke and the Sunni Mosque of Albanian Muslims in America Frances Trix
17. Voluntary Associations in the Old Turkish Community of Metropolitan Detroit Barbara Bilgé
18. Elderly Muslim Immigrants: Needs and Challenges Fariyal Ross-Sheriff
20. Secular Immigrants: Religiosity and Ethnicity Among Iranian Muslims in Los Angeles Georges Sabagh and Mehdi Bozorgmehr
21. Masjid ul-Mutkabir: The Portrait of an African American Orthodox Muslim Community Christine Kolars
22. Attitudes of Immigrant Women and Men in the Dearborn Area Toward Women's Employment and Welfare Barbara Aswad